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The “Simplon pass” is the ascending and descending from Brieg to
Domo D’Osolo. Its average cost was about $25.000. gold per mile-
Napoleon, remembering his difficulties in passing over the St Got the Great St
Bernard, decided to build this road, just after the battle of Marengo.
It was commenced on the Italian side in 1800 and on the Swiss side in
1801 and required six years for its completion, having a part of the time
30.000. men at work upon it. The number of bridges
between Brieg and Sesto at the bases, large and small, is 611,
including the passes for the mountain torrents in every instance.
Its breadth is every where at least 25 ft no where exceeding 1 in 13.
in its steepest grade There are, not counting the Hospice, nine
two story stone buildings, white washed, at regular intervals along the pass.
upon each of which is a stone inscription over the front door “Refuge No…”
Kept open the whole year for the security of wayfarers, besides several houses
for the laborers. There are ten galleries or tunnels, the
longest being 600 ft called the “Gallery of Gondo” where, upon emerging
we cross upon a hansome stone arch the Cascade of Frasinone.
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The Hospice stands 6627 ft above the Sea
The first passage of Napoleons troops was in the deep snows of winter where
the road was only a footpath. We frequently caught glimpses of
the path, below us, generally running near and depending much
upon the immediate shore of the torrents at the base of the passes.