French Ouessant. English Ushant. Island at the southwest end of the English channel.
Macadam is a type of road construction pioneered by the Scotsman John Loudon McAdam in around 1820. The method simplified what had been considered state of the art at that point. Single-sized aggregate layers of small stones, with a coating of binder as a cementing agent, are mixed in an open-structured roadway. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macadamize 8/18/12
1) Although Randall seemed to have had good luck Bowles Brothers & Co the company declared bankruptcy less than three years later. Information taken from NY Times article dated Dec. 8, 1872 which recorded notes of the London bankruptcy proceedings.
2) Possibly Drexel, Harjes & Co a Paris-based banking firm founded in 1867
3)Brown Bros. & Co. was an investment bank founded in Philadelphia in 1818.
Mrs. George Parsons was the daughter of an Ohio Attorney, Gustavus Swan, and wife of Mr. George Parsons, also an attorney. Columbus School for Girls eventually leased the “Parson’s Place” their Georgian Home located at East Town Street and Parsons Avenue.
Quentin Durward is Sir Walter Scott’s 1823 historical novel about a Scottish archer serving King Louis XI of France (1423-1483)
Journey from Paris to Cologne took 13 1/2 hours. The same trip today takes less than 4 hours
Charles the Bald (823-877) was the King of West Francia, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor
Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich (1773-1859)
The Marksburg is a fortress above the town of Braubach in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is the only medieval castle of the Middle Rhine that has never been destroyed. It is one of the principal sites of the UNESCO World Heritage Rhine Gorge. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marksburg
According to Karl Baedeker’s 1861 “A Handbook for Travellers on the Rhine, from Switzerland to Holland,” this should be Thurnberg or Deurenburg, p. 163
Text beginning “was derisively…” is lifted completely from the 1861 Baedeker’s p. 163.
Randall is referring to Tad Lincoln (1853-1871), the youngest son of Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln.
Visit to Natural History Museum in Frankfurt
John Murray, A Hand-book for Travellers on the Continent: Being a Guide Through Holland, Belgium, Prussia, and Northern Germany (London: John Murray and Son, 1840), p 472
“Baron Rothschild’s Villa, outside the Bockenheim Gate, is fitted up with taste, elegance, and splendour; strangers applying at the Baron’s house in the town, are sometimes admitted to see it; the garden attached to it is richly stored with rare plants, and is very neatly kept.”
Eduard Ernst Friedrich Hannibal Vogel von Falckenstein (5 January 1797 – 6 April 1885)
“Royal Ghosts Stalk Corridors and Kingly Knees Shake,” Chicago Tribune, October 9, 1898
White Lady of the Hohenzollern
The writer does not know the White Lady tradition at Schonnbrunn, nor has he ever been able to ascertain anything definite about her history. But there is plenty of documentary evidence, as well as a wonderful array of records concerning the White Lady of the Hohenzollerns who makes her appearance In the old palace at Berlin whenever death Is about to overtake a member of the reigning house of Prussia. The late Emperor Frederick In particular was greatly interested In the matter and collected all the evidence that he could upon the subject for the purpose of depositing it In the archives of his family; Perhaps the most Important piece of testimony in this connection are the sworn statements signed by Prince Frederick of Prussia and a number of his fellows, to all of whom the White Lady is declared to have appeared as they sat together on the eve of the Prince’s death at the battle of Saalfeld in 1806.
Moreover, Thomas Carlyle went to no little trouble to procure evidence when writing the history of Frederick the Great that the White Lady had appeared to that famous monarch on the eve of his death.
Indeed, It Is asserted that the King was on the road to recovery from his illness, when suddenly one morning he declared he had seen the white-clad specter during the night, that his hour had come, and that it was useless to try to avoid death any longer. So he refused to take any further medicine, turned his face to the wall, and died. It seems that this White Lady of the Hohenzollern was originally the Countess Agnes von Orlamunde, who murdered her First husband, as well as her two children, in order to be enabled to marry the Burgrave of Nuremberg, the ancestor of the Electors of Brandenburg and of the house of Hohenzollern. The triple murder Is asserted to have taken place within the precincts of this palace…
Possibly the intent here is “bunkum,” the slang term referring to nonsense.
John Nepomucene (also called John of Nepomuk) is a national saint of the Czech Republic. According to legend he was drwoned in the Vltava river at the command of Wenceslaus, King of the Romans and Bohemia.
An O.H. Palmer is listed as a petitioner for Christ Church Parish in Rochester N.Y. in 1854 in a 1905 chronological history of the Church
\The Prisoner of Chillon is a 392-line narrative poem by Lord Byron. Written in 1816, it chronicles the imprisonment of a Genevois monk, François Bonivard, from 1532 to 1536.
Vaccinium myrtillus is a species of shrub with edible fruit of blue color, commonly called “bilberry”, “whortleberry” or “European blueberry”
Drawing by R.P. Wade of the shoe described in the previous paragraph
A hip roof, hip–roof or hipped roof, is a type of roof where all sides slope downwards to the walls, usually with a fairly gentle slope. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hip_roof) Retrieved 2/28/15
“Digger Indians” is a derogatory term used to refer to Indians (primarily of California and the Western Plateau). The term seems to refer to the fact that they dug roots in order to survive.
Digger Indians, term indiscriminately applied to many Native Americans of the central plateau region of W North America, including tribes in Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, Nevada, and central California. The name is supposedly derived from the fact that they dug roots for food. It has no ethnological significance and was a term of opprobrium.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The great solar storm that took place on 24–25 October 1870 is not well known. Much of what is known has been gathered from comprehensive descriptions, like Randall Wade’s description, of the auroras observed during these two nights.
Karl Albert Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770 – 24 March 1844) a Danish sculptor of international fame, who spent most of his life (1789–1838) in Italy and well-known Italian sculptor Antonio Canova (1757 – 1822).
Occasionally RPW includes the record of a conversation in the journal. I have included it here as it occurs line by line because of the punctuation style used.-HMW
A fine example of American hubris, RPW compares Milan cathedral to the Euclid Avenue footprint for the two Wade homes.
The family goes to see Leonardo da Vinci’s “Last Supper” at Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan. RPW is not a fan.
Booth’s Theatre in Manhattan was built by actor Edwin Booth and was located on the southeast corner of 23rd Street and Sixth Avenue. The theater opened on February 3, 1869.
One of the oldest shopping malls in Europe, The Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan was designed in 1861 and built by Giuseppe Mengoni between 1865-1877. It appears in two small drawings on page 342 of Volume II of the journal and there is a photograph of the interior on page 341.
Byron’s “Beppo: A Venetian Story” 1818
RPW clearly not at a point where he appreciates fragments of ancient sculpture. Curiously he likes women, but is typically disapproving (at least in his journal) of nude figures.
Unclear in this paragraph if RPW is referring to a particular “slabtown” with Irish shanties. Slabtown is probably used to refer to the plank construction of the houses.
Balthasar Denner (1685-1749) was a German painter, highly-regarded as a portraitist. He painted mostly half-length and head-and-shoulders portraits and a few group portraits of families in interiors.
Adriaen van der Werff (1659 – 1722) was an accomplished Dutch painter of portraits and erotic, devotional and mythological scenes. His brother, Pieter van der Werff (1661–1722), was his principal pupil and assistant.
Philipp Ferdinand de Hamilton
Eduard von Engerth (1818-97) was an Austrian historical portrait painter. He was born at Pless, Prussian Silesia, and studied under Leopold Kupelwieser at the Vienna Academy, where, in 1845, he obtained the grand prize and the imperial stipend attached to it. In 1854 he was appointed director of the Prague Academy; in 1865, professor at the Vienna Academy; in 1871, director of the Belvedere Gallery, and in 1874 rector of the Academy. His most celebrated picture is entitled “Seizure of King Manfred’s Family After the Battle of Benevento” (Art Museum, Vienna).
Adolf Eybel (1808-1882), a German painter of historical and genre subjects and of portraits, was born at Berlin. He studied at the Berlin Academy, and under Professor Kolbe, as well as in Paris under Delaroche. One of his most noted pictures represents Richard Coeur-de-Lion with his Court listening to Blondel’s Song.
Johann Peter Krafft (1780 – 1856) was a German-Austrian painter.Krafft was born in Hanau, Hesse. At the age of ten, he began his art studies at the Hanau Akademie. In 1799, he moved to Vienna and studied at the Academy of Fine Arts for three years under the tutelage of Heinrich Füger. From 1802 to 1808, he studied in Paris, with Jacques-Louis David and François Gérard, and then in Rome. On his return to Vienna, he became a successful professional painter, producing numerous portraits.
Johann Baptist Hoechle
Jan Matejko (also known as Jan Mateyko; 1838 – 1893) was a Polish painter known for paintings of notable historical Polish political and military events. His most famous works include oil on canvas paintings like Battle of Grunwald, paintings of numerous other battles and court scenes, and a gallery of Polish kings. He is counted among the most famous Polish painters.
Great quote–particuarly when you consider that his son is going to grow up to become a founder of the Cleveland Museum of Art.
Le prophète (The Prophet) is an opera in five acts by Giacomo Meyerbeer. The opera was first performed by the Paris Opera in April 1849. It was popular throughout the 19th century
Feast Day of Saint Leopold III known as Leopold III, the Patron Saint of Austria, November 15 (a Tuesday in 1870) was a public holiday in Lower Austria and Vienna.
Johann Strauss II (1825 – 1899), also known as Johann Baptist Strauss or Johann Strauss, Jr., the Younger, or the Son , was an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas. He composed over 500 waltzes, polkas, quadrilles, and other types of dance music, as well as several operettas and a ballet. In his lifetime, he was known as “The Waltz King”, and was largely then responsible for the popularity of the waltz in Vienna during the 19th century.
Unclear, perhaps the Theodore Thomas Orchestra
Visit to the “Picture Gallery of Prince Liechtensteing (http://www.oldandsold.com/articles34/art-vienna-galleries-9.shtml)
When the family fortune is based on telegraphy you notice details like this.
Possibly referring to Sylvester Hogan, his former partner in the Hogan and Wade jewelry store.
Remarkable the way Randall is able to note items and move on. In the same short paragraph he notes that the host of their hotel has suffered a paralytic stroke and notes the weather.
Thanksgiving in Munich, RPW references, presumably, Abraham Lincoln’s proclamation of Oct. 3, 1863. RPW is regretful at missing his Thanksgiving dinner which sounds very like todays.
RPW on women’s rights. He’s not a fan.
RPW is referring to The International Exposition of 1867, called the “Exposition universelle [d’art et d’industrie] de 1867” was the second world’s fair to be held in Paris, from April to November 1867
Visit to Royal Bronze Foundry in Munich
Randolph Rogers (1825–Italy) was an American Neoclassical sculptor. An expatriate who lived most of his life in Italy, his works ranged from popular subjects to major commissions, including the Columbus Doors at the U.S. Capitol and American Civil War monuments.
Henry Probasco was a native of Connecticut who went on to become one of the wealthiest citizens of Cincinnati in the mid to late 19th century. He is best remembered for donating the Tyler Davidson Fountain at Fountain Square (formerly Government Square) and it is this monument to which RPW refers.
First English guidebook for a museum
RPW at his most Victorian. Sigh.
Comments made by appraiser Arlie Sulka, Appraiser. (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/roadshow/archive/200705A43.html) The name of the company that produced these glasses was called Theresienthal, and the company was established in 1836 by Franz Steigerwald, and one of the reasons why the company was established is that the king wanted to make glassware in his own country. He didn’t like the idea that they were importing glassware from other foreign factories, so he was very supportive of Steigerwald at the time.
In 1825 artist J. M. Hermann opened a gallerie in Munich to sell his works. At Hermann’s death in 1841 the gallery was taken over by his daugther and her husband Heinrich Wimmer.
RPW there on the recommends of other notable Clevelanders who had purchased works from the gallery.
RPW on Cleveland: It makes me ache and sigh for my poor city, so destitute of art, in comparison to european cities-
RPW on King Ludwig 2nd and Wagner.
During the [Franco Prussian] war, in November 1870, the North German Confederation and the south German states of Bavaria, Württemberg, and Baden (together with parts of the Grand Duchy of Hesse which had not originally joined the confederation) united to form a new nation state. It was originally called Deutscher Bund (German Confederation), but on 10 December 1870 the Reichstag of the North German Confederation adopted the name Deutsches Reich (German Realm or German Empire) and granted the title of German Emperor to the King of Prussia as President of the Confederation. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_German_Confederation, retrieved March 30, 2015)
RPW’s views on the likelihood of the North German Confederation continued.
RPW repeats joke from papers re Ludwig 2nd’s conditions for Union.
Not really the kind of joke one expects an 11 year old to make.
Visit to the Glyptothek. Randall impressed with the space as an exhibition hall, bemoans the lack of contemporary sculpture.
Archibald Campbell Tait (21 December 1811 – 3 December 1882) was the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1871.
Carl Gottlieb Merkel (1817 – 1897)
Carl Millner (1825-1895) was born in Mindelheim Germany in 1825. At age 26 he moved to Munich to pursue his interest in painting. While in Munich he was influenced by the heroic landscape style of painting by Carl Rottman. Millner chose the dramatic high mountain imagery of the Alps as his theme and explored the mountainous terrain. In 1853 he met Edourd Schleich the elder, who became an important influence. Schleich focused on the Munich plains as his subject matter while Millner remained focused on the high Alps. In 1857 Millner developed a relationship with dealer Daniel Loffel that brought him financial stability. (http://www.askart.com/artist/Carl_Millner/11010263/Carl_Millner.aspx)
“The gallery of Wimmer and Co. has been in existence since 1825, and is probably the best know of its kind in the world. The members of this firm have acquired such a reputation for probity that orders are sent to them from all parts, leaving subject and price to their taste and judgment.”
“An extensive collection of modern pictures on view and for sale can be seen at Van Gelder’s Gallery No. 1 Karolinenplatz.”
The American Travellers’ Guides: Harper’s Hand-Book for Travellers in Europe and the East, Vol. II by William Pembroke Fetridge, p. 658
Need to check this paragraph against actual journal, something is missing.
RPW compares the Munich City Museum to Barnum’s activities. Barnum’s American Museum in NYC burned down in 1868 and Bernum moved into traveling exhibitions.
Wilhelm von Kaulbach (15 October 1805, Bad Arolsen, Waldeck – 7 April 1874) was a German painter, noted mainly as a muralist, but also as a book illustrator. His murals decorate buildings in Munich. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_von_Kaulbach)
Bolzano, Ger. Bozen on the Isarco River near its confluence with the Adige. It is the center of the German-speaking part of S Tyrol and is a tourist and health resort noted for its Alpine scenery and mild climate. Its position on the Brenner road has made it the chief commercial center of the area since the Middle Ages, when important fairs were held there. Bolzano was part of the bishopric of Trent from the 11th cent. until the 16th cent., when it was ceded to the Hapsburgs. It then followed the fortunes of Tyrol and was awarded to Italy in 1919.
Should read “Lenovo” not “Nenovo.”
Basilica San Zeno Maggiore
The Battle of Solferino (referred to in Italy as the Battle of Solferino and San Martino) on 24 June 1859 resulted in the victory of the allied French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II (together known as the Franco-Sardinian Alliance) against the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I.
It was the last major battle in world history where all the armies were under the personal command of their monarchs. Perhaps 300,000 soldiers fought in this important battle, the largest since the Battle of Leipzig in 1813. There were about 130,000 Austrian troops and a combined total of 140,000 French and allied Piedmontese troops. After this battle, the Austrian Emperor refrained from further direct command of the army
Gallienus (Latin: Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus ( c. 218 – 268) was Roman Emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260, and alone from 260 to 268. He took control of the Empire at a time when it was undergoing great crisis. His record in dealing with those crises is mixed, as he won a number of military victories but was unable to keep much of his realm from seceding.
Hiram Powers (1805 – 1873) was an American neoclassical sculptor.In 1837 he settled in Florence, where he remained till his death, though he did travel to England during this time. He developed a thriving business in portraiture and “fancy” parlor busts, but he also devoted his time to creating life-size, full-figure ideal subjects, many of which were also isolated as a bust. In 1839 his statue of Eve excited the warm admiration of Bertel Thorvaldsen, and in 1843 he produced his celebrated statue The Greek Slave, which at once gave him a place among the leading sculptors of his time. It was exhibited at the centre of the Crystal Palace Exhibition and Elizabeth Barrett Browning wrote a sonnet on it. The sculpture The Greek Slave became an abolitionist cause and copies of it appeared in many Union-supporting state houses.
Thomas Ball (1819 – 1911) was an American artist and musician. His work has had a marked influence on monumental art in the United States, especially in New England. After several odd jobs to help support his family he spent three years working at the Boston Museum entertaining the visitors by drawing portraits, playing the violin, and singing. He then became an apprentice for the museum wood-carver Abel Brown. He taught himself oil painting by copying prints and casts in the studio of the museum superintendent. Transcript. He then turned his attention to sculpture, his earliest work being a bust of Jenny Lind. At thirty-five he went to Florence for study. There, with an interval of work in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1857—1865, he remained for more than thirty years, being one of the artistic colony which included Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Hiram Powers
Thomas Ridgeway Gould (1818 – November 26, 1881) was an American sculptor active in Boston and Florence.
Gould was born in Boston. He was at first a merchant with his brother in the dry-goods business, but studied sculpture under Seth Wells Cheney starting in 1851 and in 1863 exhibited two large heads of Christ and Satan at the Boston Athenæum. As a result of the American Civil War, he lost his moderate fortune, and in 1868 moved with his family to Florence, Italy, where he devoted himself to study and work. His “West Wind”, originally sculpted in 1870, stirred controversy in 1874 when it was denounced as a copy of Canova’s Hebe, with the exception of the drapery, which was modelled by Signor Mazzoli.
Larkin Goldsmith Mead (1835 – 1910) was an American sculptor, working in a neoclassical style. He was born at Chesterfield, New Hampshire, and was a pupil (1853–1855) of Henry Kirke Brown. During the early part of the American Civil War he was at the front for six months, with the Army of the Potomac, as an artist for Harper’s Weekly; and in 1862-1865 he was in Italy, being for part of the time attached to the United States consulate at Venice, while William Dean Howells, his brother-in-law, was consul. He returned to America in 1865, but subsequently went back to Italy and lived at Florence where he died. His first important work was a statue of Agriculture, designed to top the dome of the Vermont State House at Montpelier, Vermont. This work proved so successful that he was soon after commissioned to sculpt a statue of Ethan Allen for the State House portico.
Other principal works are: the Lincoln Tomb, a sepulchral monument to President Abraham Lincoln, Springfield, Illinois; Ethan Allen (1876), National Statuary Hall, United States Capitol, Washington; a heroic marble The Father of Waters, Minneapolis City Hall; Triumph of Ceres, made for the World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893, and a large bust of Lincoln in the Hall of Inscriptions at the Vermont State House. His brother William Rutherford Mead (1846–1928) was a well-known architect, the Mead of McKim, Mead, and White. (Wikipedia)
Randall re-titles Hart’s work underneath the photograph on this page. RPW feels “Morning glories” is more apt than Rose Bud.