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1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 0 July Liverpool 854

2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 called “Lire”. Gold being about five percent premium the currency
in use is paper, but at Verona on the northern border all paper must
be disposed of, and with gold b^u^y railway tickets part of a days ride in
Austrian money with a little change for extras. The ordinary ^Austrian^ currency
is paper at about twenty percent discount below gold and is used for
everything but railways (which are chiefly owned by the English), but
before the next days ride must all be disposed of, as the Bavarian
gold and paper are the same value. An Austrian Florin (50 cts)
is one hundred Kreuzers, while a Bavarian Florin (42 cts) is sixty
Kreuzers. A few hours further north we run into the German
currency although Bavarian is accepted at par- German
currency is= Thalers (about 73 cts) Kreuzers, and Pfeniges and
now since the union of Bavaria and Germany the fusion of currency
is a confusion to us turning Florins into Thalers and turning both into
French Gold with all the smaller coins to complete the exchange—
French Gold is the only currency to carry that can be sold into all
of the varieties- In Belgium it is sued the same as in France
and in Holland we used it although their currency is Guilders
(42 cts) and cents, one hundred cents in a Guilder, so the rule
from north to south is to carry French gold and in each country
sell just enough to finish up that section, and if a few small coins
chance to remain they are as good as anything to give away to
waiters and beggars, as the smallest coins of any country seldom
pass into the next, either not at all or at a large discount-
In England many merchants name their prices in Guineas (21 shillings)
although there are no such coins in circulation— but take a pound and
a shilling instead

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