¶ 2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 once stood the immense statue of Nero, in gilded bronze, as god of the Sun, erected by Zenodorus by order of the Emperor, when, after the grand conflagration of Rome by his orders in AD 64 he founded his golden palace with lavish splendor- a few rods away to the left- Below the statue was the artificial lake in Neros garden- After Neros death in AD 68 the palace soon went to decay and Vespasian drained the lake and founded there the “Amphitheatrum Flavium” which was finished under Emp Titus A.D. 80. Naming it the “Colosseum” after the colossal statue of Nero (the latter was 110 ft high.)
¶ 3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 Leaving our carriage beside the ruin, we pass the armed sentinel marching before this entrance, also a half dozen beggars, and enter the grand series of immense arches and corridors, passing through five of the latter before reaching the Arena where we are again assailed by three or four licensed beggars and a peddlar [sic]of mosaics, but the ruins are now well guarded and cared for- On the left a portion of the wall remains at its original highth, the rest about one half, and altogether only about one third of the building remains
¶ 4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 0 During the middle ages it became a quarry and from it were built the large palaces of St Mark, Farnese, and the cancellaria- and Benedict 14th in 1740 was the first to protect it and around the edge of the arena erected fourteen small chapels, or “stations” as the Italian inscriptions indicate, to the “passion of Christ”, an account of the innumerable christian martyrs who have lost their lives there compelled to fight as gladiators agains men and wild beasts.
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In the centre stands a wooden cross about twenty five feet high resting on a stone base ascended by three steps, and we were all much interrested [sic] in watching the common people, all of whom upon