¶ 2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 is ascertained by throwing the “log” every two hours all day and night- Originally a log was used, but now it is a Sugar-loaf shaped canvas bag fastened to a half inch rope. It is fastened so the open mouth will catch the water and resist sufficiently to pull the rope out. A couple of sailors hold the windlass which is swiftly unwinding – an officer stands by with a ten second sand glass- when he cries “hold” a dozen seaman [sic] grab the rope and it requires this combined strength to pull in the rope- The bag (about 10 or 12 inches long) pulls out the “cork” and reverses, coming in point foremost, At certain intervals on this rope are short pieces of leather or rags knotted fast, each “knot” represents about a mile, the number run out shows our speed.
¶ 3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 Today is Sunday, but nothing on board has been done to remind us of it. I confess to forgetting it until reminded by Alice although I had done nothing “wicked”- The same smoking, chatting, and movement on deck – games in the gents smoking room-absence of religious service – as the day before.
¶ 8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 0 It must be remembered that each days report is made at noon_ and that in consequence of our direction being to the east, we shorten each day to about 23 ½ hours each.