¶ 3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 The lava which is obtained for making jewelry, is found by excavating to the lowest strata of the flood-where it is found in every shade from pure white to jet black- The whole surface which we see is scoria-just the same in principle as the melting of iron ore in a blast furnace- By powerfully intense heat the rock is melted, the half containing pure iron will, from its heavier weight, flow at the bottom, while the other half (slag) composed of earthy matter and rocks will flow on top and must first be drawn off before reaching the heavier metal-
¶ 4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 0 At 8 1/2 PM we reached the Hermitage again where we found Mother bundled up (in all of the shawls left) in the carriage. Mrs C. had found the services of two self constituted assistants quite usefull in returning over the loose lava, but was not a little indignant at being charged twenty francs for the service.
¶ 5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 We met ladies returning from the molten lava, being carried in cane seat chairs the poles resting upon the shoulders of four men, raising the chair so high that I trembled for their safety, as it was after dark, and nearly impossible to keep a perpendicular position even by daylight-
¶ 6 Leave a comment on paragraph 6 0 Our descent was more rapid, escorted by a flaming torcher running ahead- These torches are excellent, made of rope tar and composition, about four feet long and two inches diameter burning nearly an hour.